(Morning After Pill, Plan B)
Our staff is fully trained and will be more than happy to assist you and confidentially answer your questions about the following EC.
Emergency Contraception is a very large dose of the birth control pill. It is believed that EC works in one of three ways:
- Prevents the egg from being released from the ovary (Ovulation)
- Prevents the sperm from fertilizing the egg (Fertilization)
- Prevents the fertilized egg from implanting onto the lining of the uterus (Implantation)
What is commonly being used?
Plan B, commonly known as the Morning After Pill, consists of high doses of oral contraceptives.
Next Choice is a generic product that contains levonorgestrel. It is pharmaceutically equivalent to the two tablet Plan B product.
Ella is an emergency contraception that requires a prescription from a physician. It can be taken up to 5 days after intercourse. This medication is a combination of large doses of oral contraceptives and misoprostol, a component of RU486.
Common Side Effects
Since EC is a very large dose of the birth control pill, the risk for common side effects from taking hormonal contraceptives are also increased. These side effects include but are not limited to:
- Cerebral hemorrhage (bleeding into the cranial cavity)
- Cerebral thrombosis (blood clot that drains blood from the brain)
- Melasma (skin discoloration; usually dark, irregular patches)
- Retinal thrombosis (blockage of the central retinal vein that carries blood away from the eye)
- Change in corneal curvature (steepening of the cornea)
- Thrombophlebitis and venous thrombosis with or without embolism (blood clots in the veins)
- Mesenteric thrombosis (blood clot in the major veins that drain blood from the intestine)
- Hemorrhagic eruption (bleeding eruption)
- Arterial thromboembolism (blood clots in the heart)
- Pulmonary embolism (arterial blockage, usually from a blood clot, that cuts off one lung’s blood supply)
- Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
- Budd-Chiari Syndrome (closing of the veins that carry deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the heart)
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome (kidney failure and low platelet count in the blood)
- Increased risk of Ectopic Pregnancy (Fertilized Egg implanted in Fallopian Tube instead of Uterus. Potentially Fatal Condition)
Can Everyone Take Emergency Contraception?
Women who smoke cigarettes and those who have experienced any of the following conditions are advised NOT to take EC:
- Blood clots in the legs or lungs
- Liver disease
- Cancer: breast and/or reproductive organs
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Sever migraine headaches
- Heart attack
- High blood pressure