Most people have at least heard of the terms STDs and STIs. But often times people don’t truly understand the difference between an STD and an STI. Although the terms Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) and Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) are used interchangeably, they are by no means identical. An STI is an important and scientifically valid term because dangerous pathogenic organisms can be present in the human body without causing disease. STDs result from damage caused by an STI that has progressed. Although all STDs are preceded by STIs, not all STIs result in the development of STDs.
Recent changes in our culture have made it important for you to know the facts regarding oral sex. More scientific surveys have studied oral sex and there are now proven indications that oral sex is on the rise, especially among middle school and high school aged children. Recent surveys show that over 50% of teenagers' ages 15-19 report participating in oral sex. An attitude is circulating that, since you can't get pregnant through oral sex, then it must be "safe." ii
Therefore sexual intercourse includes oral, anal and vaginal sex. Oral sex, like other methods of sex, carries with it the risk of serious, untreatable and even life-threatening diseases in both men and women. Oral sex has been found to spread syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV (causes AIDS), HPV, genital herpes, chlamydia and possibly hepatitis C.iii iv v
The United States has an epidemic of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Over 70 million Americans currently have an STI. 19 million new cases occur each year. Over 60% of these are in people under 25.vi
Often time people have an STI and don’t have any symptoms but the infection can still be passed.
In women, complications from infection include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal pregnancy, infertility and cervical cancer. In pregnant women, STIs can lead to miscarriage, stillbirths, preterm delivery and birth defects... Some STIs, such as HIV, can be life threatening.
The media rarely informs the general public about the true risks related to sexual activity and Sexually Transmitted Infections. Here are some facts:
If you have experienced any of these symptoms it is very important to get tested for a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION. Make an appointment today with our Medical personnel for a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test.
Bacterial: Can be cured, but any damage done is irreversible
Viral: Can be treated, but NOT cured
For more complete information on Sexually Transmitted Infections please click here.
Over the 28 existing STI’s the most common ones affecting teens are:
|Bacterial||How It's Spread|
|Chlamydiavii||Body Fluid Contact|
|Gonorrheaviii||Body Fluid Contact|
|Syphilisix||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Trichomoniasas (parasite)x||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Viral||How It's Spread|
|HIV/AIDSxi||Body Fluid Contact|
|Genital Herpes (HSV)xii||Skin to Skin Contact|
|Human papilloma Virus (HPV)xiii||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Hepatitis B (HBV) & Hepatitis C (HCV)xiv||Body Fluid Contact|
Body fluids that can transmit STIs are: Blood, Semen, Vaginal Fluid and Breast Milk
Will condoms protect you from all the STIs?
Here are the results from the largest study ever conducted on condoms by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
The 2006 STI Treatment Guidelines prepared by the CDC: "Primary prevention of STI begins with changing the sexual behaviors that place persons at risk for infection" and “The most reliable way to avoid transmission of STIs is to abstain from sex (i.e., oral, vaginal, or anal sex) or to be in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner."
In other words, do not engage in sexual activity while you are single and remain faithful to your spouse while married. These are the two most effective ways to avoid Sexually Transmitted Infections.
(If every person has only the same number of partners as you)
"When you have sex with someone, you are having sex with everyone they have had sex with for the last ten years, and everyone they and their partners have had sex with for the last ten years."
- C. Everett Koop, M.D., Former US Surgeon General